30.01.2023 | Pınar KADIOĞLU , Rikard JALKEBRO
The conflict between the Philippines government and the Moro people has been ongoing for over a half-decade, with no prospect of achieving sustainable peace. Although the international perception of conflict endurance appears to be fixated on violent campaigns of separatist Islamic extremist groups linked with larger Jihadist groups like Jemaah Islamiyah (JI), al-Qaida, and Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS); the conflict has a much more complex reality on the ground stemming from the centuries-long socio-economic marginalisation, dispossession, displacement, discrimination, and lack of political representation. Through a detailed historical survey, this article analyses the socio-economic and political developments that transformed the actors, and the nature of the clash between the government and the Moro insurgent groups since the Republic of the Philippines was established in 1946. In doing so, it highlights the negative impacts of the violent and corrupt governance culture, the influence of Jihadist ideals, and inconsistent state policies towards peace. Furthermore, it exposes the reason behind the peace impasse as a misadventure of Liberal peacebuilding that is incompatible with the local socio-cultural, political, and economic context.
Kadıoğlu, P. and Jalkebro, R. (2023). The Bangsamoro Impasse: Islamic Extremism, State Violence, and Other Spoilers to the Peace Process. Journal of Terrorism and Radicalization Studies, 2(1), pp. 74-110, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/trad.20