PRINCIPLES OF RESEARCH ETHICS AND PUBLICATION
1. Journal of Terrorism and Radicalization Studies (TRAD) is based on the principles of scientific research and publication ethics and universal rules. Honesty and morality are essential at every stage of scientific research and publication. In this context, ethical principles accepted and published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) are adopted in the ethical duties and responsibilities in TRAD Journal.
2. Articles accepted by TRAD are sent to at least two referees and their names are kept confidential from each other.
3. No fee or compensation is requested for the articles sent to TRAD, article submission and article evaluation processes are free of charge, and no royalties are paid to the authors.
4. The articles accepted after the referee processes are put in the queue for the first issue to be published, and if the publication quota of the relevant issue is full, they are reserved for the next issue.
5. TRAD will be published on January and June.
6. The pre-control and referee assignment period of the articles are 10 days on average. After the referee process starts, the referees have a 10-day invitation period and a 30-day evaluation period.
7. The correction period given to the authors is 15 days. Articles that are not corrected within this period will not be accepted. This period can be extended up to 10 days if approved by the editor.
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ETHICS PRINCIPLES
Scientific research ethical principles are the moral rules regarding the research to be conducted. These rules accepted by TRAD are listed below.
1. Obtaining data: Data are obtained by scientific methods. In the evaluation, interpretation and obtaining of theoretical results, scientific methods cannot be deviated and the results cannot be deflected.
2. Openness: The data, materials, sources and findings used in research should be openly shared with the public.
3. Consent of the participants: The consent of the participants is obtained in the surveys and attitude researches to be conducted within the scope of the researches. If the research is to be conducted in an institution, the permission of the institution they are affiliated with is obtained after the consent of the participants.
4. Integrity and truthfulness: Research findings should not be tailored to the researcher's own interests, taken from elsewhere, or deliberately misinterpreted. It should report the results, methods and procedures accurately and should not mislead the public.
5. Use of resources: The opportunities and resources allocated for scientific research cannot be used for purposes other than the intended purpose.
6. Protection of personal data: Researchers should respect the privacy and secrets of individuals and should not use personal names or hide their own identities unless permitted in their research.
7. Intellectual property: Researchers must respect patents, copyrights and other intellectual property. The researcher should not use data, methods and results without permission and should definitely give references to the contributors.
8. Confidentiality: Confidential communications, personnel records, trade and military secrets, patient records should be protected by researchers. It should be ensured that the data and information obtained from other persons and institutions and that their confidentiality is respected and protected.
9. Objectivity: Biased experimental design, data analysis and interpretations should be avoided in the researches.
10. Integrity and consistency: Integrity and consistency should be ensured in the researches.
11. Meticulousness: Careless errors in researches should be avoided by re-examining the researches.
12. Social responsibility: Subjects that may cause social problems and social outrage should be avoided in researches.
13. Discrimination: Researches should not discriminate people using gender, race, origin and other factors.
14. Taking care of animals: The animals used during the researches should be given the necessary attention and respect. Poorly designed and unnecessary animal experiments should not be done.
15. Protecting people: Risk and harm should be minimized in researches on humanitarian issues, and human dignity, privacy.
16. Actions against research ethics are as follows:
a) Plagiarism: To present the original ideas, methods, data or works of others as one's own work, in whole or in part, without citing in accordance with scientific rules,
b) Fraud: Using non-existent or falsified data in scientific research,
c) Distortion: Falsifying research records or obtained data, presenting devices or materials not used in the research as if they were used, falsifying or shaping research results in line with the interests of institutions,
d) Republishing: Presenting duplicate publications as separate publications in academic appointments and promotions,
e) Slicing: Dissecting the results of a research in a way that violates the integrity of the research and inappropriately and publishing it in more than one piece and presenting these publications as separate publications in academic appointments and promotions,
f) Unfair authorship: Persons who do not have an active contribution to include among the authors or not to include those who are, to change the order of authors without justification and inappropriately, to remove the names of those who contributed actively from the work in subsequent editions, to include their name among the authors by using their influence, although they do not have an active contribution,
g) Not specifying the supporting persons, institutions or organizations and their contributions in the publications made as a result of the research carried out with support,
h) Using the thesis or studies that have not yet been presented or defended and accepted as a source without the permission of the owner,
i) Failure to comply with ethical rules in research on humans and animals, not respecting the rights of patients in their publications,
j) To violate the provisions of the relevant legislation in biomedical researches and other clinical researches on humans,
k) To misuse the resources, places, facilities and devices provided or allocated for scientific research,
l) To allege unfounded, groundless and deliberate ethical violations,
m) Publishing the data obtained without obtaining the explicit consent of the participants in surveys and attitude studies conducted within the scope of a scientific study, or if the research will be conducted in an institution, without obtaining the permission of the institution,
n) Harming animal health and ecological balance in research and experiments,
o) Failing to obtain written permissions from authorized units before starting studies in research and experiments,
p) To carry out studies in research and experiments contrary to the provisions of the legislation or the international conventions to which Türkiye is a party, on the relevant research and experiments,
q) Not to use the data and information obtained from other persons and institutions in scientific studies, to the extent and in the manner permitted, not to comply with the confidentiality of this information and not to ensure its protection,
r) To make false or misleading statements regarding scientific research and publications in academic appointments and promotions.
ETHICAL PRINCIPLES FOR THE EDITOR
1. Editor; evaluates and monitors the submitted articles only according to the quality of the study and referee comments, regardless of the characteristics of the authors such as religion, language, race, ethnicity, political thought and gender.
2. The editor may reject the article if he/she detects some ethical violations.
3. The editor keeps all information about the studies submitted to the journal confidential and does not share this information with anyone other than the responsible author and the editorial board.
4. The editor ensures that the referee evaluation process is carried out with double-blind refereeing.
5. The editor cannot use the information presented in the article for his own research.
6. The editor has full responsibility to reject, accept or request changes to the articles submitted to the journal.
ETHICAL PRINCIPLES FOR THE AUTHORS
1. The authors declare that the articles they submitted are original and have not been published before in any platform.
2. The authors declare that the article is not currently under review in another journal.
3. Authors must be the persons who have contributed to the experimental design and implementation of the study, or to the analysis and interpretation of the data.
4. Authors should provide access to the data sets used in the article, if deemed necessary.
5. If the authors realize that there is an important mistake in their article, they must inform the editor before the article is published.
ETHICS COMMITTEE APPROVAL PROCESS
1. Authors should submit “Ethics Committee Approval” to the Journal for the articles that require ethics committee approval.
2. When submitting their manuscript to the Journal, the authors must correctly fill in, sign and send the "Declaration Form Regarding No Ethics Committee Permission Required", on Dergipark webpage.
3. If ethics committee permission and/or legal/special permissions are required, it should be clearly presented with the form including which institution, when and with which decision or issue number this permission was obtained.
4. Articles that require “Ethics Committee Permission” for evaluation in the journal are as follows:
a. All kinds of research conducted with qualitative or quantitative approaches that require data collection from the participants by using survey, interview, focus group work, observation, experiment and interview techniques,
b. The use of humans and animals (including material/data) for experimental or other scientific purposes,
c. Clinical studies on humans,
d. Animal studies,
e. Retrospective studies in accordance with the personal data protection law.
ETHICAL PRINCIPLES FOR REFEREES
1. Referees must agree to arbitrate on matters they feel have sufficient expertise.
2. The referees should agree to referee the studies they think they can evaluate as timely and adequate.
3. Referees should respect and care for the confidentiality of peer-review and should not reveal any information about the article during or after the review process of an article.
4. Referees should not use the knowledge obtained during the refereeing process for their own or others’ advantage.
5. Referees must notify the journal editor when they suspect plagiarism or other ethical violations.
6. Referees should not arbitrate in situations where there may be a conflict of interest.
7. Referees should be objective and constructive in their evaluation process and should not make personal comments.
1. Articles submitted to Journal of Terrorism and Radicalization Studies - TRAD must be original and not previously published in any media or sent for simultaneous evaluation to the other journals.
2. All articles and studies submitted to the journal are reviewed using a licensed plagiarism program. According to the report received from these programs, articles and studies with a similarity rate above 10%, excluding references, are rejected without entering the referee process.
3. In case of quoting from the studies published in TRAD, it is obligatory to refer the source.
4. The responsibility of the published articles belongs to the authors. The opinions in the articles cannot be attributed to the Journal of Terrorism and Radicalization Studies – TRAD and the Research Center for Defence Against Terrorism and Radicalization Association (TERAM).
5. No fee or compensation is requested for the articles sent to TRAD. The article submission and article evaluation processes are free of charge, and no royalties are paid to the authors.
1. Authors who did not contribute to the design, planning, execution and publication of scientific research cannot be listed among the names of the authors.
2. When use a study in scientific publications, the source must be indicated in accordance with scientific citation rules.
3. Theses or studies that have not yet been presented or defended cannot be used as a source without the permission of the owner.
4. Except for universally recognized scientific theories, any work or part of it may not be published without permission and without showing the original source.