ISSN 2792-0518 (Print)
ISSN 2822-2334 (Online)

Radicalization – Radicalisation and the Process of Disengagement from Terrorist Organisations: The Case of Dı̇yarbakır Mothers

30.06.2024 | Zeynep BAYRAMOĞLU ÖZTÜRK


Radicalization is a process of imposing extremist ideas on target people/masses under the influence of various and/or by using factors that motivate the mass ot violence. The Republic of Türkiye has been struggling against the separatist terrorist organization Partiya Karkerên Kurdistanê (PKK) for more than forty years and has been taking military, legal and political measures. Despite this, the organization's recruitment activities are not entirely over. While participation in the organization is decreasing, the number of people leaving the organization is increasing due to military deterrence and persuasion efforts. In this study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten mothers whose children joined the terrorist organization PKK and who persuaded their children to return by appearing in public and through their individual efforts. Mothers were asked questions about the process of radicalization of their children, the process when the mother appeared in public after joining the organization and the process when the child disengagement from the organization. Content analysis was performed on the answers, coding was made based on the events and facts emphasized by the mothers, and themes were created in line with these codings. The analyzes show that the mother is actively involved in the disengagement process. After joining the organization, mothers’conversation with their children and/or their public appearances became a push factor for children to leave the organization. The children’s discomfort and disappointment with the environment they were living in the turned into a decision to disangage with their call to return.

Key Words

Bayramoğlu Öztürk, Z. (2024). Radicalisation and the Process of Disengagement from Terrorist Organisations: The Case of Dı̇yarbakır Mothers. Journal of Terrorism and Radicalization Studies, 3(2), pp. 323-358, DOI: 10.61314/traddergi.1476224